As was customary everywhere until the nineteenth century, homosexuality was not viewed as a congenital disposition or 'identity'; the focus was on nonprocreative sexual practices, of which sodomy was the most controversial." It supports and works on issues relating to prejudice LGBTQ Muslim women. 3. to go beyond the limits imposed by (a law, command, etc. One day the Prophet entered upon us when he was with one of his wives, and was describing the qualities of a woman, saying: When she comes forward, she comes forward with four (folds of her stomach), and when she goes backward, she goes backward with eight (folds of her stomach). They have to make sure that this is not halal and will not please Allah.  Previously, transgender people were isolated from society and had no legal rights or protections. ", The 18th and 19th centuries saw the rise of Islamic fundamentalism such as Wahhabism, which came to call for stricter adherence to the Hadith.  All major schools of law consider liwat (anal sex) as a punishable offence. But it definitely is a sin, and an evil act, and must be avoided by the believers. For other religious views on LGBT, see, History of homosexuality in Islamic societies, Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism, (references 7:80–84, 11:77–83, 21:74, 22:43, 26:165–175, 27:56–59, and 29:27–33), Tilo Beckers, "Islam and the Acceptance of Homosexuality," in, The official text of Article 354 in French (, لا تنظروا إلى المردان فإن فيهم لمحة من الحور, Aisha Geissinger, "Islam and Discourses of Same-Sex Desire" in. And We rained upon them a rain; consider then what was the end of the guilty. ", Many Muslim scholars have followed a "don't ask, don't tell" policy in regards to homosexuality in Islam, by treating the subject with passivity. One of these standpoints results from "queer-friendly" interpretations of the Lot story and the Quran.  However, authors Lapidus and Salaymeh write that before the 19th century Ottoman society had been open and welcoming to homosexuals and that by the 1850s via European influence they began censoring homosexuality in their society. They believe "one has to avoid getting buggered precisely in order not to acquire a taste for it and thus become addicted. Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran, but the term does appear in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text. , Liwat can therefore be regarded as "temptation", and anal intercourse is not seen as repulsively unnatural so much as dangerously attractive. Transgender people also faced discrimination in finding employment resulting from incorrect Identification Cards and incongruous legal status. "Sexual relations between consenting adult persons of the same sex in private are not prohibited as such. However, Turkish sources deny these stories.. You’ll be automatically logged in 5 seconds. In February 2019, the government of Indonesia – a country with a majority Muslim population – threatened to ban, The Muslim Debate Initiative (MDI) made up of Muslims "with experience in public speaking, apologetics, polemics, research and community work." While there are no reports relating to homosexuality in the best known hadith collections of Bukhari and Muslim, other canonical collections record a number of condemnations of the "act of the people of Lot" (male-to-male anal intercourse). They have executed more than two dozen men and women for suspected homosexual activity, including several thrown off the top of buildings in highly publicized executions.  Several persons who attended the party were detained and eventually six Moroccan men were sentenced to between four and ten months in prison for "homosexuality".. For the next seventy years, until the dismantlement of the first state in 1818, the Wahhabis dominated from Damascus to Baghdad. , The paucity of concrete prescriptions to be derived from hadith and the contradictory nature of information about the actions of early authorities resulted in lack of agreement among classical jurists as to how homosexual activity should be treated. The teachings of Islam are based essentially on the Quran (God's revelation) and Hadith (elaboration by Prophet Muhammad). The beautiful religion of Islam never stresses on hardships or giving up on social life; rather a balanced life is encouraged and taught. Caliph al-Mutasim in the 9th century and some of his successors were accused of homosexuality. Another scholar argues that "the Qur'an does not address homosexuality or homosexuals explicitly."  Ali states there is a lack of focus in medieval tradition on female same-sex sexual activity, where the Qur'an mainly focuses male/male sex. For example, in 2016 a transgender individual died in a hospital while doctors were trying to decide which ward the patient should be placed in. Given the prominence that the term jihad has attained in western popular and academic literature it is important that we understand the Islamic pronouncements on this issue. Many young adults who come out to their parents are often forced out of the house to find refuge in a more accepting place. " The Hanbalites are the most severe among Sunni schools, insisting on capital punishment for anal sex in all cases, while the other schools generally restrict punishment to flagellation with or without banishment, unless the culprit is muhsan (Muslim free married adult), and Hanafis often suggest no physical punishment at all, leaving the choice to the judge's discretion. A person shouldn’t have to uproot their entire life to make other people more comfortable. As wonderful as it is that a person can be accepted for who they are in Islam (as long as they are somewhere no one knows them), there is still a lot of work to be done in our Ummah. In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. , The hadith (sayings and actions attributed to Muhammad) show that homosexual behaviour was not unknown in seventh-century Arabia. In 2009 and 2013, the Bangladeshi Parliament refused to overturn Section 377. Though the grounds for execution in Iran are difficult to track, there is evidence that several people were hanged for homosexual behavior in 2005-2006 and in 2016, in some cases on dubious charges of rape. The literal meaning of word ‘Islam’ is “Peace“, therefore a religion that has such a name is natural to be more close to moderation than extremism.Muslims need to know the true preaching of Prophet (PBUH) and the message of Allah to understand that Islam is moderation and harmony in every aspect of life with no extremism or rigidness.  LGBT people also have the right to seek asylum in Turkey under the Geneva Convention since 1951.. Thus, the transgression that He does not forgive is infidelity unto Allah, the Almighty, and Glorious. According to one hadith, this incident was prompted by a mukhannath servant of Muhammad's wife Umm Salama commenting upon the body of a woman and following that, Muhammad cursed the mukhannathun and their female equivalents, mutarajjilat and ordered his followers to remove them from their homes.  In Afghanistan, Brunei, Iran, Mauritania, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, parts of Somalia,[note 1] Sudan, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen, homosexual activity carries the death penalty or prison sentences. After Alam stepped down, subsequent leaders failed to sustain the organization and it began a process of legal dissolution in 2011. One level is "genetic inheritance." , In recent times, extreme prejudice against homosexuals persists, both socially and legally, in much of the Islamic world, exacerbated by increasingly conservative attitudes and the rise of Islamist movements.  Preference for homosexual over heterosexual relations was regarded as a matter of personal taste rather than a marker of homosexual identity in a modern sense. Indeed, Islam is the religion of forgiveness that is why He has provided us a path of repentance so that we could ask for pardon from Him. Because of this threat and their conservative familial backgrounds, many Al-Fatiha members chose anonymity to protect their identity. Salaam is the first gay Muslim group in Canada and second in the world. According to the Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World: Whatever the legal strictures on sexual activity, the positive expression of male homoerotic sentiment in literature was accepted, and assiduously cultivated, from the late eighth century until modern times. The Qur'an refers to this level as one's "physical stamp" that "determines one's temperamental nature" including one's sexuality. Evidence includes the behavior of rulers . , Homosexuality in the Ottoman Empire was decriminalized in 1858, as part of wider reforms during the Tanzimat. Classical Islamic jurists did not deal with homosexuality as a sexual orientation, since the latter concept is modern and has no match in traditional law, which dealt with it under the technical terms of liwat and zina. :100, In an article "Same-sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women" Ali elaborates on homosexuality as an aspect of medieval Muslim culture. The people said: Apostle of Allah!  The Quranic narrative largely conforms to that found in Genesis. " Mustafa Akyol writes that "The Ottoman sultans, arguably, were social liberals compared with the contemporary Islamists of Turkey, let alone the Arab World. Rumours spread that this was a gay marriage and more than 600 people took to the streets, condemning the alleged event and protesting against leniency towards homosexuals. The Safra Project's "ethos is one of inclusiveness and diversity.". It is every person’s prerogative to feel how they want to, live the life they want to, love who they want to, and identify as whatever gender they want to.  Following Greek precedents, the Islamic medical tradition regarded as pathological only this latter case, and showed no concern for other forms of homosexual behavior. Furthermore, Musić wrote, "my research and reflection helped me to imagine my sexuality as a gift from a loving, not hateful, God. Divorce is permitted in Islam as a last resort if it is not possible to continue a marriage. They "fall into three broad categories: (1) God Is Merciful; (2) That Is Just Who I Am; and (3) It's Not Just Islam. The protest led to the school backing down by no longer following through with the “No Outsider” program. when ye transgress the covenant of Jehovah your God which he commanded you, and go and serve other gods, and bow yourselves unto them, so that the anger of Jehovah shall be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you. , In Egypt, openly gay men have been prosecuted under general public morality laws.  A number of pre-modern texts discuss the possibility of sexual exploitation faced by young boys in educational institutions and warn teachers to take precautions against it. Moreover, within Islam, there is a tradition of the elaboration and refinement of extended religious doctrines through scholarship.  Another youth Mehmed found attractive, and who was presumably more accommodating, was Radu III the Fair, the brother of the famous Vlad the Impaler, "Radu, a hostage in Istanbul whose good looks had caught the Sultan's fancy, and who was thus singled out to serve as one of his most favored pages." Otherwise they will transgress and violate the guidelines set by Allah.  However, in May 2018, the Pakistani parliament passed a bill giving transgender individuals the right to choose their identity and correct their official documents, such as ID cards, driver license, and passports. Persecution of homosexuals has been exacerbated in recent decades by a rise in Islamic fundamentalism and the emergence of the gay-rights movement in the West, which allowed Islamists to paint homosexuality as a noxious Western import. - Disciplinary Penalties (ta'zir) - counsels", "Why Gay Marriage May Not Be Contrary To Islam", "The Homosexual Challenge to Muslim Ethics", "Can Islam Accommodate Homosexual Acts? Transgender is an umbrella term, describing when a person’s gender identity is different than what society expects based on the person’s sex assigned at birth.  Jordan, Bahrain, and-more recently-India have abolished the criminal penalties for consensual homosexual acts introduced under colonial rule.  Straightway responded to this by compiling a document to clarify what they regarded as fundamental issues concerning Islam and homosexuality.  Homoerotic themes were cultivated in poetry and other literary genres written in major languages of the Muslim world from the 8th century into the modern era. Instead, trans women are being arrested and put in jail for up to one year for having same sex intercourse.  However, given that the Quran did not specify the punishment of homosexual sodomy, Islamic jurists increasingly turned to several "more explicit" hadiths in an attempt to find guidance on appropriate punishment. The Christian martyr Pelagius of Córdoba was executed by Andalusian ruler Abd al-Rahman III because the boy refused his advances. [instagram-feed num=9 cols=3 showheader=false headersize=small showfollow=true followtext=”Follow” showbutton=false ]. The Quran narrates the story of the "people of Lot" destroyed by the wrath of God because the men engaged in lustful carnal acts between themselves. Documented instances of prosecution for homosexual acts are rare, and those which followed legal procedure prescribed by Islamic law are even rarer. Many LGBTQ+ Muslims are forced to choose between their sexuality and their religion, often forcing individuals to not express who they truly are. ): to transgress the bounds of prudence. , In Pakistan, transgender people make up 0.005 percent of the total population. " An Egyptian TV host was recently sentenced to a year in prison for interviewing a gay man in January 2019. Believing that transgenders are dearer to God, some Muslim rulers appointed them as intercessors in royal palaces, including those …  In 2015, The New York Times reported that U.S. soldiers serving in Afghanistan were instructed by their commanders to ignore child sexual abuse being carried out by Afghan security forces, except "when rape is being used as a weapon of war". was perfectly normal." ” He said: “ O my son, ask Allaah for Paradise and seek refuge in Him from Hell, for I heard the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, saying: “Among this … After that, trans women are not allowed to have any connections with their family members or with their neighbors. , According to the Albert Kennedy Trust, one in four young homeless people identify as LGBT due to their religious parents disowning them. He did not approve of such acts, but believed that Muslims who abstained from sodomy would be rewarded by sex with youthful boys in paradise.. Below are 20 wise Islamic sayings about parents. , The hadith collection of Bukhari (compiled in the 9th century from earlier oral traditions) includes a report regarding mukhannathun, effeminate men who were granted access to secluded women's quarters and engaged in other non-normative gender behavior: This hadiths attributed to Muhammad's wives, a mukhannath in question expressed his appreciation of a woman's body and described it for the benefit of another man. 1. , According to the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) seven countries still retain capital punishment for homosexual behavior: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iran, Afghanistan, Mauritania, Sudan, and northern Nigeria.  The increased prosperity following the early conquests was accompanied by a "corruption of morals" in the two holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and it can be inferred that homosexual practice became more widespread during this time as a result of acculturation to foreign customs, such as the music and dance practiced by mukhannathun, who were mostly foreign in origin. , In Kecia Ali's book, she cites that "contemporary scholars disagree sharply about the Qur'anic perspective on same-sex intimacy." We started talking about Skye-Heather’s life before she decided to live the gender she felt and believed she was born to be and her marriage to the love of her life for almost 20 years. Some of them are listed below: In 2010, an anthology Islam and Homosexuality was published.  However, as Dynes and Donaldson point out, North African countries under French colonial tutelage lacked anti-homosexual laws which were only born afterwards, with the full weight of Islamic opinion descending on those who, on the model of the gay liberationists of the West, would seek to make "homosexuality" (above all, adult men taking passive roles) publicly respectable.  Today, transgender people in Pakistan have the right to vote and to search for a job free from discrimination. , Societies in Islam have recognized "both erotic attraction and sexual behavior between members of the same sex". As long as a person has a love for Allah SWT and believes the Shahada and follows the five pillars of Islam, what difference does everything else make? It blows my mind to know that a Muslim can legally have a gender reassignment surgery and still be tormented by people in the Islamic community unless they move. While Iran has outlawed homosexuality, Iranian Shi'a thinkers such as Ayatollah Khomeini have allowed for transgender people to change their sex so that they can enter heterosexual relationships. ":398 Although early Islamic writings such as the Quran expressed a mildly negative attitude towards homosexuality, laypersons usually apprehended the idea with indifference, if not admiration. Kutty, who teaches comparative law and legal reasoning, also wrote that many Islamic scholars have "even argued that homosexual tendencies themselves were not haram [prohibited] but had to be suppressed for the public good". Our Shaykh (i.e., Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, may Allah have mercy on him) said: and except sins against other people such as murder and oppression. , Same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Chad since 1 August 2017 under a new penal code. 12 February 2016 - Across Europe, gay refugees facing abuse at migrant asylum shelters are forced to flee shelters.  Albania, Northern Cyprus, and Kosovo also protect LGBT people with anti-discrimination laws. I think what people don’t understand is that being transgender isn’t a choice – just as being gay isn’t a choice.  According to some jurists, there should be death stoning penalty for homosexuals.  At the same time, many miniatures, especially from Ottoman Turkey, contain explicit depictions of pederasty, suggesting that the practice enjoyed a certain degree of popularity. Muslims are not allowed to stray away from the divine justice “Fight for the cause of God, those who fight you, but do not transgress, for God does not love the transgressors. , Since February 2017, over 100 male residents of the Chechen Republic (part of the Russian Federation) assumed to be gay or bisexual have been rounded up, detained and tortured by authorities on account of their sexual orientation. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. unpunished.  Where flogging is prescribed, there is a tendency for indulgence and some recommend that the prescribed penalty should not be applied in full, with Ibn Hazm reducing the number of strokes to 10.  Al-Fatiha had fourteen chapters in the United States, as well as offices in England, Canada, Spain, Turkey, and South Africa.  This trend is illustrated by the story of Mahmud of Ghazni (971–1030), the ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire, and his cupbearer Malik Ayaz. , In Lebanon, transgender women are not given any rights. He calls Iraq the "most dangerous place in the world for sexual minorities.  The 1860 Indian Penal Code, which included an anti-sodomy statute, was used as a basis of penal laws in other parts of the empire. …Islam not only helped her find her way, but made it easier for her to accept that she was a woman – not a man. - CultureWatch", "The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law", "Threats to Behead Homosexuals: Shari'ah or Politics? ), NYU Press New York 1997, Vincenzo Patanè, "Homosexuality in the Middle East and North Africa" in: Aldrich, Robert (ed. Muslim ritual funerals also apply. Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password. The paper, citing its sources in the Chechen special services, called the wave of detentions a "prophylactic sweep. I have a lad who is like the beautiful lads of paradise, Jurists of the Hanafi school took up the question seriously, considering, but ultimately rejecting the suggestion that homosexual pleasures were, like wine, forbidden in this world but enjoyed in the afterlife. AbuUsamah said: Naqi' is a region near Medina and not a Baqi. One hadith states that a Muslim mukhannath who had dyed his hands and feet with henna (traditionally a feminine activity) was banished from Medina, but not killed for his behavior. Others have gone all the way to materialism.  Greek homoerotic motifs may have accurately described pederastic practices in ancient Greece, but in their Islamic adaptations they tended to play a satirical or metaphorical rather than descriptive role. Klauda, Georg (English translation by Angelus Novus). The two main reasons are failing to trust in Allah and falling victim to ones vain desires and thinking. Some Muslims say that "no good Muslim can be gay," and "traditional schools of Islamic law consider homosexuality a grave sin." to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc. Overall, Ali says that "there is no one Muslim perspective on anything. According to Kugle, "where the Qur'an treats same-sex acts, it condemns them only so far as they are exploitive or violent." ), This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 16:32.  In May 2019, in response to the warning of George Clooney about intending to impose death penalty for homosexuals like Brunei, the Deputy Foreign Minister Marzuki Yahya pointed out that Malaysia does not kill gay people, and will not resort to killing sexual minorities.  Their relationship, which was sketchily attested in contemporary sources, became a staple of Persian literature comparable to the story of Layla and Majnun. The Qur’an uses the word jihad in a generic sense, denoting any form of struggle in the cause of God (29:69). Kutty, who in the past wrote in support of allowing Islamic principles in dispute resolution, also noted that "most Muslims have no problem extending full human rights to those—even Muslims—who live together 'in sin'". Islam places great importance on the relationship we have with our parents, and the respect we are obliged to afford them. In some countries, views were becoming more conservative among younger people. In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. Why do people transgress the limits of Allah, especially when they know those limits? Therefore, Islam can be described as "a religion that positively assesses diversity in creation and in human societies." He forgives whom He wills and punishes whom He wills.  On the other hand, men adopting the passive role were more subjected to stigma. do you commit an indecency which any one in the world has not done before you? Islam's paradoxical standards result in "the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness." There are many explicit discussions of "same-sex sexual activity" in medieval Arabic literature. , In Algeria, Bangladesh, Chad, Aceh province and Palembang city of South Sumatra province of Indonesia, "[7:80–84 (Translated by Shakir)], Later exegetical literature built on these verses as writers attempted to give their own views as to what went on; and there was general agreement among exegetes that the "abomination" alluded to by the Quranic passages was attempted sodomy (specifically anal intercourse) between men. Musić began to study in college "whether or not my love for somebody of the same gender disgusts God and whether it will propel me to hell. are welcoming what they see as an opening within their communities to address anti-gay attitudes." , In Bangladesh, homosexual acts are illegal and punishable according to section 377. Bauer continues that "Although contemporary Islamist movements decry homosexuality as a form of Western decadence, the current prejudice against it among Muslim publics stems from an amalgamation of traditional Islamic legal theory with popular notions that were imported from Europe during the colonial era, when Western military and economic superiority made Western notions of sexuality particularly influential in the Muslim world. 2.  The debates of classical jurists are "to a large extent theoretical, since homosexual relations have always been tolerated" in pre-modern Islamic societies. Al-Ghurbaah Foundation also runs an inclusive mosque called Masjidul Ghurbaah which is open to anyone who wants to connect spiritually regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, religion or belief.  Faisal Kutty, a professor of Islamic law at Indiana-based Valparaiso University Law School and Toronto-based Osgoode Hall Law School, commented on the contemporary same-sex marriage debate in a 27 March 2014, essay in the Huffington Post. Yet, the more likely situation for gay and bisexual men is sporadic police blackmail, harassment, fines, and jail sentences. The medical term ubnah qualified the pathological desire of a male to exclusively be on the receiving end of anal intercourse. In Kugle's reading, the Quran holds "a positive assessment of diversity."  Scott Siraj al-Haqq Kugle has argued that, while "Muslims commemorate the early days of Islam when they were oppressed as a marginalized few," many of them now forget their history and fail to protect "Muslims who are gay, transgender and lesbian.  In Qatar, Algeria, Uzbekistan, and the Maldives, homosexuality is punished with time in prison or a fine. The Pakistan Penal Code of 1860, originally developed under colonial rule, punishes sodomy with a possible prison sentence and has other provisions that impact the human rights of LGBT Pakistanis, under the guise of protecting public morality and order. This just goes to show (yet again) that it isn’t our faith that rejects people or discriminates against them, it is the “followers” of that faith who take matters into their own hands to enforce their own rules and laws on people. In Islam, Muslims are to build this earth and make it prosper be it in agriculture, industry, sciences, etc. 12 June 2016 - At least 49 people were killed and 50 injured in. Despite this, those who do not commit to reassignment surgery are often seen as freaks, and due to their refusal to conform they are treated as outcasts.. He wrote that "sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical." While another group consider flogging with 100 lashes is the correct punishment. There are two types; the first is the one in whom these characteristics are innate, he did not put them on by himself, and therein is no guilt, no blame and no shame, as long as he does not perform any (illicit) act or exploit it for money (prostitution etc.). , Some Quranic verses describing the paradise refer to "immortal boys" (56:17, 76:19) or "young men" (52:24) who serve wine to the blessed. 32, Koliate Obeid Zakani, edited by Parviz Atabaki, Zavar Publication, 1384, p. 316. Since homosexuality is against the law in some Middle Eastern countries, Imaan is taking a large stance against these laws and is attempting to change the way Middle Eastern countries look at LGBTQ+ individuals. Ahmad narrated from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet of Allah said: "May Allah curse the one who does the action of the people of Lot, may Allah curse the one who does the action of the people of Lot," three times. [Ibn Maajah and At-Tabaraani] What is meant in the narration are the people who refrain from committing sins and pretend to be righteous when in the presence of other people, but as soon as they … Imam Muhsin Hendricks is also considered as the world's first openly queer Imam. " Views about homosexuality have never been universal all across the Islamic world. Human rights groups have questioned the awarding in 2010 of the right to host the competition, due to the possibility that gay football fans may be jailed. " Not all sodomy is homosexual: one Moroccan sociologist, in a study of sex education in his native country, states that for many young men, heterosexual sodomy is considered better than vaginal penetration, and female prostitutes likewise report the demand for anal penetration from their male clients.
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