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Bettas can actually survive in just 1-gallon tanks, though no pet lover in their right mind would allow their betta to live in such a condition. Siamese fighting fish (sometimes Betta, esp. Plaice. Common in fresh water, most fungi grow on decaying organic matter. Most of all, they love algae, which means that they can also help you keep your tank clean without much effort. Sufficiently peaceful for larger (40 gal+) home aquariums, though it may bite fishes smaller than its size. Prefers low light and somewhat higher temperatures than the neon tetra. A schooling species (keep in groups of 8-10). One of the main reason, why so many people own one or more Cory Catfish, is that they eat a lot of algae. Demersal fish: Fish that live on or near the bottom of the ocean are referred to as demersal fish. Very similar to N. multifsciatus but similis has striping from the body continue to the head, Often recommended for first-time cichlid keepers. Guppies. This colorful and lively fish is able to adapt to a variety of water conditions which is one of the reasons they are so popular. This particular fish above was caught with the help and expertise from fishermen who’ve done it … Golden Wonder is the more yellowish variant. Very active fish, need many rock caves to allow establishment of territories, less aggressive than other mbuna, Very active fish, need many rock caves to allow establishment of territories. Flounder and halibut are two examples of demersal fish. Other than this, Pearl gouramis are rather friendly and can live peacefully with other fish in a community tank of at least 30 gallons and have lots of hiding spaces. You like establishing a healthy relationship with your pets and perhaps even teaching them a couple of tricks too! Peaceful and dwells at the top of the tank in schools. Freshwater creatures live in water that is not salty....Lake Balaton, the largest freshwater lake in Europe. In terms of food, they like plant-based sustenance and actually like munching on algae occasionally. Most of all, they love algae, which means that they can also help you … Largemouth Bass. May hunt and eat aquarium shrimp. Guppies will always be on the beginners to buy list. Suitable for small to mid-sized aquariums but cannot compete with more aggressive fish and males kept together may fight. They’re quite hardy but still difficult to care for since they have very specific needs that have to be met including, but not limited to, consistent temperature and lots of protein. This tetra prefers low to moderate lighting. Best kept in a species tank or with very small peaceful fish, to enjoy its beautiful appearance and interesting behavior. They are very strong fish that, like catfishes, grow... Common Carp. Not as common as other livebearers in the aquarium trade. Family and History: It is classified under Cyprinus. The cave tetra is the blind cave form of the Mexican tetra. A schooling species. In the scientific community it is not considered a cichlid (or any species of fish) because it does not occur naturally in the wild (created by man), for this reason it will not be given a scientific name. They eat algae and decaying aquatic plants. Like the betta fish, the kuhli loach also hails from Southeast Asia. They also like having hiding places where they can relax and lay their eggs, so be sure to keep this in mind when you’re setting up a tank for them. Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in fresh water, such as rivers and lakes, with a salinity of less than 1.05%. A cardinal tetra has red coloring across the bottom of the fish from head to tail. You have limited space at home and can only accommodate a small tank but would still like to house multiple fish. Mahi Mahi (Dolphin-fish) Marlin. Plecostomus grow huge and outgrow most beginners aquariums so think carefully before purchasing one. Massive inbreeding has led to high rates of Dwarf gourami iridovirus (DGIV) in pet store fish. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. There are two forms of communities that thrive in freshwater: the lentic and the lotic communities. You don’t want to deal with algae in your tank. An active species. 5. very peaceful and hardy, and works well with white clouds and neon tetras. Pearl gouramis are immune to hydra and in fact, even take great pleasure in eating them. this species may be sold as Siamese algae eater. US), Numerous color and fin pattern varieties. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The blind cave tetra is easy to care for and is hardy. Cherry barbs get their name from the cherry red color that males get when spawning young. Everyday is a school day in this hobby. Discus are one of the most incredible fish that you will ever keep in a home aquarium. More aggressive with members of its own species than most pencilfish. In these communities, plants and animals evolved special characteristics that make them better adapted to their habitat. Not a true goby, a gudgeon. Harliquin Rasboras are peaceful schooling fish that are native to Southeast Asia, specifically Thailand. Bred in captivity but often badly inbred, making them less hardy and susceptible to diseases. Will crossbreed with, Gold and silver varieties commonly found; also thrive in brackish water, The dalmatian molly is a hybrid color variation that can be generated by crossing some species of. They are very gentle and can usually be seen swimming lazily in the tank with their school, which consists preferably of 5 to 10 rasboras. You like your tank filled with just a single breed of fish. This powerful leaper can easily jump out of an aquarium, so keep only in a fully covered tank. They are practically raised in rivers, and moved to ponds where they can also adapt very well. It is relatively tolerant of other fish chasing and/or bulling it. The albino form is common in the aquarium trade. Large, small, peaceful, easy and hard to keep tropical freshwater fishes. Reef fish: As you may have already guessed, reef fish are species that live either within or in close range of coral reef systems. aggressive with fish of same species. All are hardy, peaceful, and highly social; keep in groups. how they are grouped into types) can be difficult to organize. They do very well in community tanks and can be kept with other fish species, such as mollies or guppies for example. They are not as hardy as neons and need better water conditions but they’re worth the extra effort as they look much better. They are best kept in small groups of three. Males and female both have long "bristles" on their nose, the males having distinctly longer ones. Here are some freshwater fish name mentioned below :- Etheostoma trisella Nocomis leptocephalus Aplodinotus grunniens Notropis chrosomus Cottus Sculpins Etheostoma ditrema Etheostoma jordani Greenbreast Darter Golden Redhorse Populations vary in color and pattern. Outside of this timeframe, though, they’re usually silver or black in color with a line at the side. Difficult to keep with other green sunfishes, other sunfishes, or even other perciform fishes in general unless kept in very spacious aquaria or ponds. Mostly found in water bodies in Asia and Europe. fancy hybrids of this species and Symphysodon discus can also be found in trade. Be very careful when conducting maintenance on their aquarium and hide any wires because they may chew through the waterproof coverings. 130 most popular aquarium fishes. Difficult to breed in captivity, most halfbeaks sold are wild-caught. However, the fish is very peaceful and will not attack another member of the tank. has different varieties including long-fin, albino, golden, etc. They’re very peaceful fish and enjoy playing and befriending other fish in a community tank, regardless of their breed. The ecosystems are home to more than 40 percent of the world's fish species. Very hardy, breeds in captivity, tolerates small tanks. You like small and brightly colored fish that are easy to care for and look incredible in planted aquariums. This is because that if two are kept together, the larger fish will pick on the smaller fish. The Phantom tetra goes well with other tetras of similar size. Also, you want an easy way to keep the bottom of your tank clean at all times. Most st… They can be kept in a community tank, though they do get a little aggressive during breeding season, so most experienced fishkeepers would recommend keeping them on their own instead. They are usually kept only in singles or in pairs since they grow quite large. Read a cool article we have on the lifespan of a goldfish and the anatomy of a goldfish. While zebra danios don’t require much maintenance other than the regular water changes, it’s preferable to house them in a long tank of at least 10 gallons since they enjoy darting all around. The easiest way to tell a Cardinal tetra from a Neon Tetra is the colorings. To survive fresh water, the fish need a range of physiological adaptations. A highly spirited fish that may occasionally chase its own species as well as harass slow moving fish with long fins. Bass is a popular fish species that can live in both fresh and saltwater, depending on the specific variety (19). Keep in groups of 3 or more. Up to 5 platies can be housed in a 10-gallon tank. Threadfins have very tiny mouths and cannot compete well with other fish for food. Shrimp. An additional 19 species are not native to the state but have been introduced through intentional stockings or accidental releases. Thanks to their unique look and relatively cheap price, they are a very popular choice in pet stores. You don’t want big fish. Males do spectacular displays with their expanded dorsal and anal fins. In the scientific community it is not considered a cichlid (or any species of fish) because it does not occur naturally in the wild (created by man), for this reason it will not be given a scientific name. A very active species. Fairly aggressive, but prefers to live in shoals. This species is known for predatory behavior toward tankmates. It can also be pretty hard to make a final decision, what with all the options out there at your disposal. In such hypotonic environments, these fish do not drink much water. Freshwater Fish of America We’ve provided a look into 42 species of freshwater fish—including largemouth bass, walleye, catfish, crappie, northern pike, trout, and more! Rasbora can be kept in medium to large schools and are perfectly fine with both a community and single-species tank. Sometimes called purple sleeper goby. This fish may nip the fins of slow-moving fish or fish smaller than it. Don’t worry though, it’s all worth it with this lovely fish. Neon tetras usually grow just up to 2 centimeters long and are fine in a smaller tank of 5-10 gallons. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Sometimes called peacock goby, but a gudgeon. The oscar cichlid is fast growing and can grow to a very large size when mature, and therefore should be housed in a large aquarium. They are called Kissing Gouramis because the seem to pucker their lips outwards. An active, shoaling species; keep in groups, but may be aggressive with members of the same species in smaller (under 40 gal) tanks. Danios: Danios is a great small fish for the beginners. These are grown in freshwater lakes. Besides, they’re better off in 3-10 gallon tanks with space for a heater and a filter. You like bright-colored fish to brighten up your tank, but not. Several color varieties have been bred. The blind tetra needs to be in a shoal in order to show peaceful behavior, and to prevent fin nipping. They are also very easy to care for. The frontosa have recently been broken up into three separate species. Instead, they are best kept with other oscars, preferably in groups of 5 or more. LARVA An immature stage between egg and adult. A small shell-dwelling cichlid from Lake Tanganyika. They work well with other fish but should be kept in a school of 3 or more if you want more than 1. That’s it for our list of 21 examples of popular freshwater fish breeds. Do keep in mind that zebra danios have to be kept with at least 4 other danios or else they’ll get stressed out. Could be territorial. Unless you want this to happen, it’s better to keep only one sex in a single tank. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. For example, all fish are vertebrates, but hagfish technically don't have a spine. The Neon tetra is an extremely easy fish to care for, which is one of the main reasons why they’re usually the first fish that any beginner fish keeper is recommended to buy. This fish is very hardy and can stand a variety of water qualities. This powerful leaper can easily jump out of an aquarium, so keep only in a fully covered tank. Most common variety is the Blue Paradise. Take a look! Mollies are great breeders and it only takes a few days for them to give birth to live young. In my spare time I play golf very badly! Silver Arowana: Complete, Care, Breeding, Feeding Guide, Rainbow Shark: Diet | Size | Breeding | Cost. Disease is not a big problem with the black tetra. This olive-green fish can reach a … Zebra danios never seem to run out of energy! Used in its native Southeast Asia as a fighting fish; males spar with their elongated lower jaws but rarely harm each other. One of the best choices for first-time cichlid keepers and smaller aquaria. This fish is generally peaceful. Despite their lack of eyes, the blind cave tetra can easily avoid other fish and obstacles in the tank. Mosquito fish give birth to live young. The scientific name of common carp is Cyprinus Carpio. The oscar is one of the more hardy cichlids, and can be put with other large cichlids. It needs a cave, and will feed when the aquarium light is out. Although they’re not particularly scaredy-cats, they do like hiding away randomly and tend to get stressed out if they don’t find a place to hide. Keep in species only tanks or with small. Freshwater catfish are some of the most interesting fish you can keep in your home aquarium, and also among the most industrious. Corydoras Sterbia is still one of my all-time favorite Cory catfish. My name's Carl and I'm the main editor and work closely with two key writers both of whom are very experienced fish-keepers. Fungi usually attack fish only when the skin has been injured through abrasion or by other parasites. 31.4 cm (12.4 in) at maturity, 37 centimetres (15 in) maximum length. Read our article all about why guppies make great pets. Guppies are perfect beginner fish for one main reason; they’re so easy to care for, you might even forget that you have fish in the first place. You’re interested in seeing their bright red color! Guppies are the opposite of bettas–they’re sociable and would actually do best in schools of at least 3 fish or more. For one, angelfish require a tank of at least 20 gallons due to their size. best kept alone or in groups of 5 or more. Other related fish also share this common name. lutino variety can also be found in the aquarium trade, sold as feeder fish; the gold variety known as "rosy red" is very common (the image is of the "rosy red" strain). Oscars are quite intelligent compared to the average fish, which makes them a very good choice for those who enjoy training pets. This genus (often represented by N. anomala, the golden dwarf cichlid) is often recommended as one of the best cichlids for new cichlid keepers and smaller aquaria. The black tetra is also known as the black skirt tetra. Rainbowfish may seem like any other regular fish at first glance, but give them a few years and they’ll grow into stunning and vibrantly colored fish. Common Freshwater Organisms Mosquito fish. A schooling species (keep in groups). Spotted pimelodus, pictus, pictus catfish. A freshwater lake contains water that is not salty, usually in contrast to the sea. Not actually a type of killifish but a livebearer. Nocturnal, can slither around out of water as long as they stay wet. However, they are very sociable so they would do better in a community tank of at least 20 gallons with plenty of other fish species. When de This fish is similar to the neon tetra other than coloration. Oscars are not as common a choice as the other three so far on this list, but they definitely hold a certain charm as well. High oxygen level and water quality required in addition to a strong current. Killifish of all species breed in captivity but are short-lived by nature; many species live for 1 year and breeding may be triggered by changes in water or temperature. These catfish are very appealing when small, but may grow somewhat large. Do not keep with fast fish as the discus is a slow eater and will not fight for food. Cory cats also do well in community tanks as they’re fairly non-confrontational and tend to ignore other fish. We've got a great selection of angels, plecos, cichlids, livebearers, tetras, and much more! A few color varieties have been made from the wild species, even some multicolored. Many color and tail pattern varieties exist. It is best put with other large tetras or with fish of similar size or larger. The Eye Catcher: 3 Guppies, 2 Mollies, and 2 Platies. This yet to be officially named species is intermediate in scale count between gibberosa and frontosa. Very aware of environment outside of aquarium, making it an engaging "wet pet." This species mainly feeds on algae. Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. O. Orange Roughy. They are fish... Tilapia.. The bloodfin tetra is distinguished by its red fins. You can learn the natural history for each species as well as some cool facts. They are good fish for beginners but only if you pay attention to their tankmates and temperaments. Not readily available in the aquarium trade. Pollock. various color varieties, the discus requires high water quality and a varied diet. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Firewood catfish, (planiceps) shovelnose catfish. An example is freshwater fish. they require aquarium salt in the water or hard water. Freshwater fish like goldfish are not able to survive in sea water because of the high content of salt. Wild type females are larger and much less red than males. They are best kept and bred in killifish-only aquaria. Over-head lighting is preferred and under no circumstances should light be directed at the front or rear glass. best kept either alone, or in groups of 5 or more individuals. They are often considered as a fairly difficult fish to take care of due to their strict needs. Brochis is often synonymized with Corydoras. Less aggressive with members of its own species than most pencilfish; males rarely spar. These fish also enjoy eating sinking pellets. People around the world harvest fish from these habitats, providing enough animal protein to feed 158 million people worldwide. Scorpion Fish. Like many fishes, more tolerant of distantly related species (i.e. Pleco is a species of catfish that is very popular among freshwater aquarium owners. Territorial; keep in groups of 6+ to diffuse aggression between males. These strong swimmers can flourish even in the most unpleasant of conditions. While they’re peaceful enough to be kept in a community tank, their ideal water temperature does need to be cooler than what other fish can take which makes it hard to house them with others outside their own breeds. Lives near top of tank. Often recommended for nano tanks. For example, freshwater sources enable the development of fisheries. I don’t think there will ever be an article written about the most popular tropical fish that does not include these fish. Despite this, they still remain to be one of the most popular freshwater fish around the world. The same applies to fish that live in saline water, except they are unable to survive in fresh water. This fish should only be kept by the experienced aquarium keeper. Several species of panaque are popular aquarium fish. More than just a popular freshwater fish breed, zebra danios are actually perfect for complete beginners in fishkeeping, thanks to their hardiness and resilience. A gold colored form also exists. Contrary to popular belief, mollies shouldn’t be kept in small tanks. However, they do need some specific water conditions which we explain in our discus care guide. Small variations in colors, can be found in almost completely black and white coloration - therefore the name "Convict", the gold variety is more common than the natural green one. Freshwater fishing is a popular since it requires a simple tackle setup and you can fish from a variety of locations, like lakes, ponds, and rivers, as opposed to oceans.Before you grab your gear, think about what kind of fish you want to catch, like trout or bass. Sometimes called Feeder platy because can be used to feed larger fish like Stingrays, Payara, Cichlids, Pickerel, Catfish, Sunfish, Arowanas, Gar, Arapaima, and other predator fish. Guppies don’t grow very big so you can actually keep about 15 guppies in a 5-gallon tank or about 3 guppies per gallon. This fish is very prone to diseases, and can grow larger than most tetra species. This mid west African schooling species is a favoured species for the nano-aquarium. Good community schooling fish. These cookies do not store any personal information. Read our Plecostomus complete care guide for more information on this amazing fish. All guppies and mollies are hardy fish that tolerate lower oxygen levels and temperatures than most aquarium fish, give birth to live young, and readily breed in home tanks. Sea Trout. They grow up to 2 inches in length and do well in 25-gallon community tanks with lots of hiding space. Bluefin Notho, Rachow's Notho, Rainbow Notho. You like breeding fish. No wonder they’re one of the popular freshwater fish breeds. Sexually dimorphic; males larger, with expanded dorsal fin. Georgia ranks third in the nation for the number of native freshwater fishes; only Alabama and Tennessee have more species. Lack of oxygen | Hungry | Why? Cory catfish, popularly called cory cats, are bottom-dwellers who feed on food particles that have sunk to the bottom of the tank. There are many types, and they vary widely in their size, needs and temperament. This list gives some examples of the most common species found in home aquariums, List of freshwater aquarium amphibian species, List of freshwater aquarium invertebrate species, List of freshwater aquarium plant species, List of marine aquarium invertebrate species, The Aquarium Wiki Encyclopaedia List of Freshwater aquarium fish,,,, "Everything You Need to Know About the Bristlenose Catfish", "Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (Red-tail Catfish)", "Hyphessobrycon megalopterus summary page", "Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi summary page",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Also known as shellcracker for its ability to prey on snails. They come in all shapes and sizes but can grow up to 6 inches long and 8 inches tall. They generally need a ratio of 1 male to 2 females or more. Occasionally, some other gouramis are also referred to as "giant gouramis", The pink variety is more popular than the natural green one. 6+ being the preferred size. About 265 species are considered native to the state, which includes 245 described species and 20 species that have not yet been formally described by ichthyologists. A vast number of aquatic species have successfully adapted to live in the freshwater aquarium. You like a challenge! This is primarily due to the rapid speciation that the scattered habitats make possible. Swordtails are perfect for beginners since they can withstand almost any water condition, as long as they have their school of at least 5 fish with them. This means the taxonomy of fish (i.e. Both make for an interesting read. 15 Exotic Freshwater Tropical Fish Species Information 1. You want a change from your typical community fish. The neon tetra is sensitive towards water quality. Silvertip tetras tend to be moderately aggressive and, because of their small size, should not be kept with large or aggressive fish. All halfbeaks are sensitive to changes in water quality or temperature, swim at the water surface, do not compete well with larger fish, and may jump out of uncovered tanks. Brochis is often … With over 700 killifish breeds that come in all sorts of color combinations, many fishkeepers enjoy housing this fish in their home aquarium, alongside other fish species. Peaceful and very bold; for example it is unafraid of gravel cleaners and algae scrubbers. The neon tetra is a schooling fish that feels most comfortable when in groups. This fish can survive out of the water and ", Albino form is common in the aquarium trade, needs a large aquarium. You like their aesthetics and would like to get some pops of color into your community tank. Pompano (Florida) R. Rainbow Trout (farm-raised) S. Sablefish. Can only be fed live or frozen foods. Fish Up to 2 1/2" They live in ditches, ponds, and lakes eating mosquito larvae and other insects. often sold as freshwater fish, but this species actually thrives in brackish water and may even require saltwater when reaches adulthood, often sold as freshwater fish, but this species prefers brackish water, Very hard to feed it anything but live food, Despite the name, this is not an "eel" but rather a huge knifefish; illegal to possess in some areas; dangerous; very large adult size, Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish (2005) (, 500 Aquarium Fish: A Visual Reference to the Most Popular Species, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:49. Rarely breeds in captivity. The female black tetra is more robust and larger than the male. Fairly common. Can live without aeration. Generally hardy and peaceful. A good beginner fish, but sensitive to water quality. Georgia’s freshwater fishes are arranged in 27 different families of fishes, which are groups o… This kind of fish is found in a flaming gorge reservoir, Lake Mohave, Aral Sea, and more places. Similar to odessa barb but requires somewhat more space. They also prefer floating plants. How to keep, breed, choose tank mates. Like the cory cats and other catfish, they’re also bottom-dwellers and eat scrap food at the bottom of the tank. Some fish have evolved osmoregulatory mechanisms to survive in all kinds of aquatic environments. Fishkeepingforever is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to,, CJ, Clickbank, Doubletrader, Viglink,, Media Vine and other Affiliate programs. Tadpole. No list of 21 examples of popular freshwater fish is complete without the very popular goldfish. We have a complete care guide for you to read if the firemouth cichlid has peaked your interest. Smaller even than the neon tetra. Needs somewhat more space than N. multifasciatus, Males very aggressive; juveniles distinctively colored, other hemichromis species are sometimes sold under the same name, Lifalili jewel cichlid, blood-red jewel cichlid, Readily breed in small aquaria. Read why in one of our sterbia care guides. As their name suggests, they have striking colors that make them stand out in a community tank, even when there’s no light. Requires space to swim; not suitable for nano tanks in spite of its small size. Will breed in home tanks. They are very peaceful as long as you only keep one male killifish since males of this species can often get aggressive during the mating season. Considered most beautiful freshwater fish by some killifish enthusiasts. Very likely to jump out of the aquarium especially after reaching adult size. Male guppies also have very vibrant tails that look gorgeous in the light. I really do enjoy pike fishing because these fish are essentially the freshwater version of barracudas. The body mass of this fish is about 2-14 kilograms. There are many varieties as well as hybrids with other barbs. To find the scientific name of various freshwater aquarium fish, use these common-to-scientific name cross-reference links. The Firemouth Cichlid is a peaceful, friendly fish that can grow up to 6 inches long. Regardless of which breed you choose in the end, remember to always treat them with all the love and care that every fish deserves. Often confused with the pygmy gourami, but larger. Hunts and eats small shrimp. It is more comfortable in indirect light. 41.24% of all known species of fish are found in fresh water. A "neon" form is available; both males and females are bright red. The largest of the shovelnoses, this catfish grows huge and will need a 450 US gallons (1,700 L) min when mature. They are freshwater fish from Africa and the Middle East. They like river sand in the tank because they like to cover themselves in it. Freshwater ecosystems are essential for human survival, providing the majority of people's drinking water. Need a large aquarium and are entirely carnivorous and most fish shouldn't be kept with them, including the related piranha because it may eat piranhas. albino variation available. Average Cost Of Pet Fish: 50 Examples With Prices. They’re not very picky when it comes to food but they do enjoy snacking on live food occasionally. Salmon (wild or farm-raised) Sardine.

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