Gibbons in the Zoo. Hoolock Gibbons, the only species of apes found in India, are threatened with extinction in the Ukhrul and Kamjong districts of Manipur. Critically Endangered Species Info. It is believed that the name for the endangered species 'Hoolock' is from the Assamese (holou) or related languages. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. The species is confined to 29 fragmented forested areas in western and central Java. x. White-Handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED. Try this PYQ from CSP2013: Q.Consider the following pairs: Protected area:: Well-known for. A new subspecies of the western hoolock gibbon has been described recently from northeastern India, which has been named the Mishmi Hills hoolock gibbon, Hoolock hoolock mishmiensis. In early 2012 FFI identified a priority conservation site for the endangered western hoolock gibbon: Pauk Sa Mountain. This fascinating primate species is also found in the southern ranges of the Khasi Hills (community forests near Mawsynram) and Jaintia Hills. This species is also known by the following name(s): Also called White-browed Gibbon, fomerly Hylobates hoolock. Myanmar still holds significantly large and intact areas of prime habitat for Hoolock gibbon, but there are no significant data on the conservation status of the species. The eastern hoolock gibbon is vulnerable but not yet endangered. gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): China, India, Southeast Asia. POPULATION: The global population of this species is estimated to be <3000 individuals, with India possessing the vast majority (2600). The mammal is believed to have a life expectancy of 25 years in the wild. The two districts used to be covered with dense, tropical rainforests, which provided ideal tree canopies for the arboreal, brachiating ape species. About 200 animals are thought to exist in China as well as an unknown number in Myanmar. White … The IUCN has classified the population of the western hoolock as endangered and that of the eastern hoolock as vulnerable. Hoolock Gibbons, the only species of apes found in India, are threatened with extinction in the Ukhrul and Kamjong districts of Manipur, a report has claimed. "Populations of western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years, and it is now considered to be one of the most endangered 25 primate species in the world. We presented the result of a systematic survey on the population size and distribution of the Endangered Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing) in Houqiao Town, Tengchong City, Yunnan Province of China.A total of 15–18 individuals of H. tianxing in 5–6 gibbon groups and one solitary gibbon were recorded during the survey conducted in November 2019. Currently, four genera (Hoolock, Hylobates, Nomascus and 61 Symphalangus) and up to 19 living species are recognized [Mittermeier et al., 2013]. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Hoolock hoolock. Western Hoolock Gibbon. Endangered Scientific classification; Kingdom: Animalia: Phylum: Chordata: … Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. Wildlife enthusiasts who visit the state cannot leave the Garo Hills out of their itinerary. Species like the gray or Mueller’s gibbons, which Nat Geo’s own Joel Sartore recently featured in a piece on endangered zoo animals, are being phased out of breeding programs in favor of more endangered gibbon species. Gaoligong, endangered 57 species. All known populations have undergone declines primarily due to habitat destruction or alteration. People’s Trust for Endangered Species was set up in 1977 to save our wildlife. Bangladesh, India, Myanmar — The population of this south Asian gibbon has declined by over 90% since the early 1970s when they totalled over 100,000. PRELIMS QUESTION. 1; IUCN., 2014). Western hoolock gibbons consume upto 100 species of plants, with food choices greatly varying from site to site. A further new species, Hoolock tianxing, with an estimated population of about 200 in China, was discovered in southwest China in 2017. Multilevel action plans that closely involve and benefit local communities are the only way forward to save the endangered gibbons of India. In China, for instance, the gibbons have already lost 99% of their habitat. LEARN MORE ABOUT SILVERY GIBBONS > Video Preview. The Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is one of the last strongholds of the western hoolock gibbon, which the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) lists as an endangered species on its Red List. Where in India. It is home to many rare and endangered species, including the Western Hoolock Gibbon. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. And because it is the only one, the ape is unquestionably a precious jewel of the Indian forest. All species of gibbons live in Asia and all are threatened. It is believed that this is where you can spot Hoolock Gibbon, India’s only ape species. Western hoolock gibbon A female in the foreground, and a male in the background Conservation status. The species is probably endangered. Key Details. 1940 First systematic behavioural study of wild gibbons by Clarence R. Carpenter ; 1990 Conservation breeding programmes setup for the Pileated Gibbon; 2005 Hoolock Gibbons reclassified to species level; 2008 FFI setup the Cardomom Project in Cambodia; Habitat. Two species of Hoolock gibbons, Eastern Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) have been reported to occur in India. A new species of gibbon identified in remote forests in China has been named after Star Wars character Luke Skywalker. The only tribe of apes inhabiting the country is the Hoolock Gibbons, found in the North-east forests. Though the sanctuary is said to have one of the densest populations of the small ape, the latest census results from 2019 show only 77 individual hoolock gibbons remain in the forest.
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